Why use Military Time Instead of 10:38 PM?
Military time was created to minimize confusion when telling the time. It helps to clearly distinguish between 10:38 pm and 10:38 am. For example if a meeting begins at 10:38 it’s not immediately clear whether that means 10:38 pm or 10:38 am.
How to Convert 10:38 PM to Military Time
1. Determine if 10:38 pm is before or after midday
We can tell this by looking at whether the time is followed by am or pm. P.M. is an abbrevation of post meridiem, which is Latin for after midday. That means 10:38 pm is after midday.
2. Calculate the hours and minutes since midday
Before we can convert to military time we need to know how much time has passed since midday. At 10:38 pm we know it is 10 hours and 38 minutes since midday.
3. Convert hours to military time
10:38 pm is after midday so we simply take our hours since midday (10) and add 12 to get the military time in hours. That means the military time in hours is 22.
4. Combine the hours and the minutes
The military time in minutes is the number of minutes calculated in step two which is 38. Military time is given as four digits with the hours first, so the military time for 10:38 pm is 2238.
What Time is 10:38 PM in Military Time?
The military time for 10:38 pm is 2238. In some situations you may also need to state the military time zone. If you are stating the time in your local time zone the full military time for 10:38 pm would be 2238J (J for Juliet). More commonly the time is quoted as 2238Z (Z for Zulu) which indicates 10:38 pm in the UTC time zone.
How do you say 10:38 PM in Military Time?
When you are saying 10:38 pm in military time you should state the digits 2238 as twenty two thirty eight hours. In some cases it is not necessary to finish the message with hours. If it is recommend to observe a military time zone you might say 2238Z as twenty two thirty eight hours Zulu time or simply twenty two thirty eight Zulu.